As the UK enters a recession and inflation hits 9.1% (OBR forecast), the Chancellor stated that decisions of ‘eye-watering difficulty’ would be required in today’s (17 November) Autumn Statement in a bid to combat these and stabilise the economy.
With substantial tax hikes and spending cuts expected as part of a ‘£55bn consolidation’, there was considerable anticipation about what the specifics of the Government’s ‘plan for stability, growth and public services’ would be.
Prior to today, Jeremy Hunt acknowledged that the announcements would ‘disappoint people’ but emphasised that they are necessary for aiding with economic recovery and tackling the inflation that’s causing havoc for families and businesses across the UK. While the ‘tough road ahead’ mantra rang true, there were some scatterings of positive news with key growth priorities for the UK identified as energy efficiency and independence, infrastructure and innovation.
We summarise all the key parts of the Statement below.
At a glance
Personal & employment taxes
Income tax (excludes Scotland)
In a move which means ‘those earning £150,000 or more will pay just over £1,200 extra a year’, the threshold for people paying the top rate of tax (45%) is to drop from £150,000 to £125,140.
The income tax personal allowance and the main National Insurance (NI) thresholds have also been frozen for a further two years to April 2028. The Employment Allowances for NI will be retained at the higher £5,000 level until March 2026.
There is going to be a 50% reduction in the current dividend allowance (£2,000 to £1,000) from April 2023. When you combine this increase with the corporation tax rise to 25% from next April, the announcement will have a big impact on entrepreneurs and small business owners who extract sums by way of dividend from companies. The allowance will also drop by a further 50% to £500 from April 2024.
Capital Gains Tax (CGT)
The Annual Exempt Amount for CGT on ‘chargeable assets’ will drop from £12,300 to £6,000 next year and then to £3,000 from April 2024.
Inheritance tax (IHT)
The IHT rate has been frozen since 2009 and subsequently hasn’t kept pace with inflation. The current rate means 40% tax is due on estates over £325,000. This threshold is staying in place until April 2028, with more people falling under the criteria for payment as a result.
Electric vehicles (EVs) will no longer be exempt from Vehicle Excise Duty from April 2025. Also, company car tax rate increases to be limited to 1 percentage point per year for three years from 2025.
Research & Development (R&D)
The R&D tax relief for SMEs will see a deduction rate cut to 86% from 130%, as well as the credit rate being reduced to 10% from 14.5%. There will, however, be an increase in the rate of the separate R&D expenditure credit from 13% to 20%.
The corporation tax rate rise from 19% to 25% will go ahead as planned next April.
Representing a £14bn tax cut over the next five years, nearly two thirds of properties will not pay any extra business rates next year.
The current VAT registration threshold of £85,000 to stay in place until March 2026.
Tariffs will be removed on over 100 goods for two years. The measure will remove tariffs as high as 18% on goods ranging from aluminium frames used by UK bicycle manufacturers to ingredients used by UK food producers.
With the energy crisis still ongoing and profits soaring for companies operating in this sector, there’s been a 10% increase in tax for oil and gas producers (now 35%). There is also a new, temporary 45% levy for electricity generators.
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We will be sharing more comprehensive summaries of the Statement over the coming days, so please keep a look out for these.
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